Magnesium (Mg) concentrations were studied in the brains of 4 patients with definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and 5 controls. The magnesium contents were determined by inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry in autopsy samples taken from 26 sites of central nervous system tissues, and visceral organs such as liver, spleen, kidney, heart and lung.
Magnesium supplementation can cause small but significant decreases in blood pressure, according to a report by Dr. Yuhei Kawano and colleagues of the National Cardiovascular Center in Osaka, Japan. The study enrolled 60 persons aged 33 to 74 years. All participants received either a daily magnesium supplement (480 milligrams) or placebo over two separate 8-week periods.
by Herbert C. Mansmann Jr., M.D.*, and Shawna Kopchu RN**
Many people already know that when you take diuretics (Water Pills) you need to take a potassium supplement since potassium is lost through the urine. This is also true for Mg. There are certain medications and lifestyle behaviors that can cause excessive Mg loss in the urine. If you are on any of these medications or display any of the lifestyle behaviors you will need to take a Mg supplement to accommodate the loss and prevent hypomagnesemia. There are also specific diseases that can cause Mg loss in the urine and are listed below.
A case of a 2-week-old infant who presented to the emergency department (ED) with rapid eye blinking and jerking in the absence of physical abnormalities is presented. Hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia were detected. This case represents the common presentation, therapy, and outcome of neonatal hypocalcemia. It is of particular interest to ED physicians because most of the time the etiology of neonatal seizures can be diagnosed in the ED and appropriate therapy can be immediately instituted.
Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics, Volume 27 Number 3 September 2000
Copyright 2000 W. B. Saunders Company, CURRENT REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY
Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment
Bruce Kessel MD
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women’s Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by the occurrence of a constellation of symptoms temporally associated with the menstrual cycle. Symptoms of PMS include physical and mood changes that peak premenstrually and resolve shortly following the onset of menstrual bleeding. Historical descriptions of PMS are shrouded in mythology, and, previously, the scientific understanding of PMS was limited.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by unpleasant sensations of the legs that are worse in the evening and at night, and that are relieved by movement. Most patients with RLS also have movements of the legs that occur periodically at 20- to 30-second intervals for minutes to hours during sleep. Although the term nocturnal myoclonus sometimes is used to describe these movements, they usually are not sudden lightning-like movements. Rather, they typically last for about 1 second and consist of extension of the great toe with variable degrees of ankle extension, knee extension, and hip extension or flexion.
If you have Bartter’s or Gitelman’s Syndrome you should know that diet alone cannot come close to correcting the potassium and magnesium deficiencies. At the same time, if you are going to eat a snack, you might as well have something that adds rather than detracts from your levels. Looks like a bag of peanuts would be a good choice, and popcorn would be a poor choice.
You may also be interested in a Chart of Foods High in Magnesium
Why is this medication prescribed?
Magnesium is an element your body needs to function normally. Magnesium oxide may be used for different reasons. Some people use it as an antacid to relieve heartburn, sour stomach, or acid indigestion. Magnesium oxide also may be used as a laxative for short-term, rapid emptying of the bowel (before surgery, for example). Magnesium oxide also is used as a dietary supplement when the amount of magnesium in the diet is not enough or there is a magnesium deficiency. Magnesium oxide is available without a prescription. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
BY Herbert C. Mansmann, Jr., MD
Everyone needs magnesium. Well persons also, yet the American diet of middle class women provides much less than the 360 mg per day, the old RDA, and our American diet gives us only 120 mg per 1,000 calories per day. Now will all of you that eat 3,000 cal a day please rise!! Therefore all Americans need Mg.
Magnesium is the second most abundant intracellular cation in the body (after potassium) and the fourth most abundant extracellular cation. Magnesium is a crucial cofactor for many physiologic processes. It is nature’s calcium channel blocker, has antiarrhythmic, antithrombogenic and vasodilating effects. Magnesium also works as a smooth muscle relaxant. Without this crucial mineral many people fall victim to the untoward side effects of a low intracellular magnesium level and most physicians fail to recognize these symptoms. Read the rest »