Cena-K; Gen-K; K+8; K+10; Kaochlor; Kaochlor-Eff; Kaon-Cl; Kato; Kay Ciel; Kaylixir; K+Care; ET; K-Dur; K-Electrolyte; K-G Elixir; K-Gen; K-Lease; K-Lor; Klor-Con 10; Klor-Con 20; Klor-Con/25; Klorvess; Klorvess; Klyte/Cl; Klotrix; K-lyte; K-lyte; K-lyte DS; K-norm; Kolyum; k-tab; micro-K, Micro-k LS; Potasalan; rum-k; S-F Kaon; Slow-K; Ten-K; Tri-K; Trikates; Twin-K.
Citrates (SIH-trayts) are used to make the urine more alkaline (less acid). This helps prevent certain kinds of kidney stones. Citrates are sometimes used with other medicines to help treat kidney stones that may occur with gout. They are also used to make the blood more alkaline in certain conditions. Because the citrate does make the blood and urine more alkaline this would be a poor form of Potassium for Bartter and Gitelman Patients since they do suffer with chronic metabolic alkalosis.
The major intracellular ion
Potassium (K), a cation, is the most abundant cation in the body cells. Ninety-seven percent of the body’s potassium is found in the intracellular fluid (ICF) and 2-3% is found in the extracellular fluid (ECF), Which comprises of intravascular (in vessels) and interstitial fluids (between tissues). Potassium is also plentiful in the gastrointestinal tract. It is the 2-3% in the ECF that is all important in neuromuscular function. Potassium is constantly moving in and out of cells according to the body’s needs, under the influence of the sodium-potassium pump.
(speer on oh lak’ tone)
Why is this medication prescribed?
Spironolactone is used to treat certain patients with hyperaldosteronism (the body produces too much aldosterone, a naturally occurring hormone); low potassium levels; and in patients with edema (fluid retention) caused by various conditions, including heart, liver, or kidney disease.